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We use correct phonics terminology as much as possible when teaching. Below are the definitions for words we use.
Phoneme - The sound a letter makes. Phonemes can be put together to make word e.g. 'c-a-t'.
Digraph - Two letters that makes just one sound e.g. 'sh' or 'qu'.
Trigraph - Three letters that makes just one sound e.g. 'igh' or 'air'.
Blending- This is when you look at a word, find out which sound each letter makes and then putting the sounds (phonemes) together in order to read the word. For example, if a child sees the word 'cat' they will know the sound each letter makes . They will then be able to put the sounds together to read the word. This is the basis of reading.
Segmenting - This is when you hear a whole word and can then split the word up into its individual sounds (phonemes). For example, knowing the word 'cat' is split up into the 'c', 'a' and 't' phonemes. Children need to be able to do this in order to spell words.