Making the sounds we need to speak, read and write.
Linking sounds (phonemes) with letters (graphemes).
Speech Pathologist Jane Passy, recognised that in order to produce good quality sounds, children need to understand how and where speech sounds are made.
She created her internationally renowned coded system of hand gestures.
Each movement is designed to reflect the voice, the manner and the place that each individual speech sound is made.
Here at Freemantle Academy, phonics is taught using the kinaesthetic hand gestures of Cued Articulation, ensuring that a multi sensory approach is delivered.
The children are taught to
hear the sound
say the sound using the Cued Articulation hand gesture and then to see the letter (or grapheme) that corresponds with it.
This combination ensures that we are appealing to all four of the different learning styles.
Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing and Kinaesthetic*
Visual learners like to see something in order to process and absorb it.
Auditory learners prefer to hear and listen.
Reading/writing - this type of learner prefers to read and write the information down.
Kinaesthetic learners absorb new information through moving and touching.
In accordance with the Government's National Strategy for Education, phonics is taught in the following phased order.
This is set out in a program called Letters and Sounds.
Phase 1 is all about listening and hearing sounds.
Children are encouraged to make sounds with musical instruments and everyday objects; to listen and observe when sounds are present and when they are not. Children are taught to hear rhythm and beats through music. This then leads them into hearing rhythm, known as syllables and rhyme in words and in language. Once this awareness has developed, we move on to Phase 2.
Phase 2 (19 letters or graphemes )
Set 1: s,a,t,p.
Set 2: i,n,m,d.
Set 3: g,o,ck.
Set 4: ck,e,u,r.
Set 5: h,b,f,l,l
Phase 3 (25 graphemes)
Set 6: j,v,w,x.
Set 7: y,z,zz,qu.
Then we learn the consonant digraphs (2 letters making one sound or 2 graphemes making 1 phoneme).
ch, sh, th, ng.
Last of all we learn the remaining vowel sounds:
ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure and er.
You will be able to follow a link below you will see the sounds in the order that they are taught. You will hear me making the sounds and watch me using the Cued Articulation hand gestures.